Soy-Based Floating And Sinking Fish Feed Pellets

India is the second largest aquaculture producer in the world. It produces nearly 3.4 million tons of shrimp and fish every year. The fish farm often use farm-mixed feeds which containing 2-3 ingredients. Intensification will require the prefect feed industry to produce nutritionally balanced floating feeds.

How to Make a reasonable between sinking and floating fish feed pellets? 
Most carp production are get increased, polyculture systems are very common in India. The traditional polyculture often include one or two species: catla and rohu. These fishes fetch high market prices. Farm-mixed feed include rice bran and a plant protein source such as peanut oil cake or cottonseed oil cake. As farming operations have intensified, the limitations of farm-mixed feeds have become more apparent. The most important is much of farm-mixed feeds is not eaten by the fish and only fertilizes the pond.

The advancement of India’s shrimp feed sector is due to its compliance with international benchmarks and references, and the support it received when it began in the late 1980’s and early 90’s. The fish feed industry’s lag behind can be primarily attributed to the very nature of the Indian fish-farming system. The value of manufactured feed was not well understood, and farmers as well as feed companies were down on the cost effectiveness of commercial feed. However, once the value was demonstrated, the industry developed rapidly, and fish farming in India is moving quickly on to modernization.

But as the advantages of fish feed pellet spread in Asia, India gradually becomes a significant producer of soy-based extruded, floating and sinking feed pellets for fish. The industry has invested in imported fish feed extruder for making floating fish feed. Currently, there’re 7 feed mill operations, and the monthly capacity is almost 86,000 million ton. The pellets are often 3-6mm and have 28%-32% protein and 3%-6% fat content. Soybean meal is the main source of protein, the other raw materials include rice bran, broken rice, wheat flour, corn gluten meal and copra meal. Most feed pellets are sold in the state of Andhra Pradesh, the largest fish farm area in the country.

In the aquaculture industry, feed is just a part of it. Although India is in a good position with respect to fish feed production capacity and quality, there still have some challenges need to be faced.

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